The ICP Museum’s public space includes a poster wall featuring a rotating installation of artists’ works.
Joy Episalla’s 144 years is a series of thirty-one multi-layered portraits. Each photograph is an amalgam of thirty-one images of thirty-one women who have campaigned and won their party’s nomination for the US presidency from 1872 to 2016. Echoing earlier work, such as Helen & Miss Smith from 1996, Episalla again photographs and re-photographs found images. The layering of each portrait, in chronological order, one a top the next, at percentages of black, result in fluid images where facial recognition, gender, race and individuality morph, in a manifestation of the layers and legacies of herstory.
Thirty-one women who have campaigned and won their party’s nomination for the US presidency from 1872 to 2016:
1872: Victoria Woodhull, Equal Rights Party • 1884: Belva Ann Lockwood, National Equal Rights Party • 1888: Belva Ann Lockwood, National Equal Rights Party • 1940: Gracie Allen, Surprise Party • 1952: Mary Kennery, American Party • Ellen Linea W. Jensen, Washington Peace Party • Agnes Waters, American Woman’s Party • 1968: Charlene Mitchell, Communist Party • 1972: Linda Jenness, Socialist Workers Party • Evelyn Reed, Socialist Workers Party • 1976: Margaret Wright, People’s Party • 1980: Deirdre Griswold, Workers World Party • Ellen McCormack, Right to Life Party • Maureen Smith, Peace and Freedom Party • 1984: Gavrielle Holmes, Workers World Party • Sonia Johnson, Citizens Party • 1988: Lenora Fulani, New Alliance Party • Willa Kenoyer, Socialist and Liberty Union Parties • 1992: Lenora Fulani, New Alliance Party • Helen Halyard, Socialist Equality Party • Isabell Masters, Looking Back Party • Eileen Myles, Openly-female Write-in Candidate • Gloria La Riva, Workers World Party • 1996: Marsha Feinland, Peace and Freedom Party • Mary Cal Hollis, Socialist Party, Liberty Union Party • Isabell Masters, Looking Back Party • Monica Moorehead, Workers World Party • Diane Beall Templin, The American Party • 2000: Cathy Gordon Brown, Independent • Monica Moorehead, Workers World Party • 2004: Diane Beall Templin, The American Party • 2008: Cynthia McKinney, Green Party • Gloria La Riva, Party for Socialism and Liberation • Diane Beall Templin, The American Party • 2012: Roseanne Barr, Peace and Freedom Party • Peta Lindsay, Party for Socialism and Liberation • Jill Stein, Green Party • 2016: Hillary Clinton, Democratic Party • Jill Stein, Green Party
Joy Episalla is a New York-based artist working in photography, video and sculpture. Her work has been exhibited widely in the United States and in Europe since the 1980s. Episalla is a founding member of the queer art collective fierce pussy.